Neuroproteomics is a scientific field that aims to study all the proteins of the central nervous system, their expression, function, and interactions. The central nervous system is intricate and heterogeneous, and the study of its proteome is consequently complex, with many biological questions still requiring deep investigation. For this, mass spectrometry approaches, most often coupled with liquid chromatography (LC-MS), have been the number one choice in proteomics, and over the years it has added many important findings to the field. At this point it is important that proteomics turns to the quantitative expression of proteins instead of only identifying which proteins are present in a given sample, much because the most important alterations may be slight alterations in the quantity of a protein in a given situation. Therefore, many LC-MS quantitative approaches have been developed relying on the labeling of the proteins or even by using label-free techniques.
Part of the book: Recent Advances in Proteomics Research