Part of the book: Advanced Fluid Dynamics
It is well known that Maxwell equations can be expressed in a unitary Schrodinger-Dirac representation for homogeneous media. However, difficulties arise when considering inhomogeneous media. A Dyson map points to a unitary field qubit basis, but the standard qubit lattice algorithm of interleaved unitary collision-stream operators must be augmented by some sparse non-unitary potential operators that recover the derivatives on the refractive indices. The effect of the steepness of these derivatives on two-dimensional scattering is examined with simulations showing quite complex wavefronts emitted due to transmissions/reflections within the dielectric objects. Maxwell equations are extended to handle dissipation using Kraus operators. Then, our theoretical algorithms are extended to these open quantum systems. A quantum circuit diagram is presented as well as estimates on the required number of quantum gates for implementation on a quantum computer.
Part of the book: Schrödinger Equation