Ionic liquids (ILs) have emerged as novel solvent medium for several biotechnological processes in vitro. The use of ILs starts from protein extraction to catalysis to folding/unfolding studies. ILs are becoming the most favorite non-aqueous medium for protein studies due to their unique ionic combinations (cation + anion) and tunable physical properties. In this context, several research results have been published that use of pure or aqueous IL solutions as stabilizer for proteins. Hence, herein, in this chapter, we present a collection of research work that focuses on the importance of ILs (and their mixture) in protein stabilities. In addition, we have also reviewed the unique properties of ILs as counteracting solvents for cold-induced denaturation and also their refolding properties. This report will definitely generate a new understanding for the ILs, their importance and applicability in protein folding studies.
Part of the book: Ionic Liquids