In this chapter, Markowitz mean-variance approach is proposed for examining the best portfolio diversification strategy within three subperiods which are during the global financial crisis (GFC), post-global financial crisis, and during the non-crisis period. In our approach, we used 10 securities from five different industries to represent a risk-mitigation parameter. In this way, the naive diversification strategy is used to serve as a comparison for the approach used. During the computation process, the correlation matrices revealed that the portfolio risk is not well diversified during non-crisis periods, meanwhile, the variance-covariance matrices indicated that volatility can be minimized during portfolio construction. On this basis, 10 efficient portfolios were constructed and the optimal portfolios were selected in each subperiods based on the risk-averse preference. Performance-wise that optimal portfolio dominated the naïve strategy throughout the three subperiods tested. All the optimal portfolios selected are yielding more returns compared to the naïve portfolio.
Part of the book: Control Systems in Engineering and Optimization Techniques