Part of the book: Integrated Waste Management
The long-term safety management of hazardous substances is essential to the development of an environmentally sound resource circulation society. To achieve this, engineering measures to attenuate environmental risks in the isolation and sequestration of hazardous heavy metals are reviewed. From the standpoint of the isolation and sequestration of heavy metals from resource circulation, we assess the challenges in implementing immobilization technologies, constructing updated isolation structures, and controlling environmental conditions. It is also focused intensively on the (bio) chemical transformation behavior of heavy metals and its effect on the migration of the transformed materials in the environment. The contributions of solubilized and gasified metal components to emission into the environment are considered. The obtained results underscore the necessity of multiple barriers to retard and attenuate the migration of hazardous heavy metals. Innovative schemes for the isolation and sequestration of heavy metals will lead to higher levels of safety and environmentally sound resource circulation.
Part of the book: Hazardous Waste Management