Molecular target therapy is a recently rapid progress in the management of hematological malignancies. In myeloid neoplasm, the sensational response to treatment and the overall survival and quality of life improvement for treatment with tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKI) agents for patients with chronic myeloid leukemia and the introduction of Janus kinase (JAK)-2 inhibitors (ruxolitinib) may offer comparative advantage in myeloproliferative diseases of patients with polycythemia vera (PV), primary myelofibrosis (MF) and essential thrombocythemia (ET). The introduction of all-trans-retinoic acid (ATRA) and mylotarg for acute myeloid leukemia patients, have had major impacts on the treatment protocol plan and different other targeted therapeutic highly effective agents, including FLT3, histone deacetylase inhibitors and farnesyl transferase. In malignant lymphomas and lymphatic leukemia the feature has been the presentation of rituximab, with critical enhancements within the treatment of chronic lymphocytic leukemia and non-Hodgkin’s lymphoma. The most recent 15 years has encountered a rapidly broadening interest and acknowledgment that leukemic stem cells, including an enhanced capacity to target them, may hold the way to enhanced reaction and diminished relapse rates over both lymphoid and myeloid disorders. Technical regulation for growing new personalized anticancer target therapy agents have changed and presently evaluated and screened.
Part of the book: Advances in Hematologic Malignancies