Inconel 718 has been widely used in industries because of its excellent mechanical properties. However, the machining process, particularly the turning/grinding, of Inconel 718 is still costly due to high cutting force and heavy tool damage. Fortunately, a promising material removal technique, that is, ultrasonic-assisted turning/grinding (called UAT/UAG for simplicity), could potentially play a great role in the high efficiency precision machining of Inconel 718 due to its excellent features such as smaller turning/grinding force, better surface quality, longer tool working life and lower heat generation. However, few attempts have been done on UAT/UAG of Inconel 718. Therefore, in this work, in order to confirm the feasibility of machining Inconel 718 by UAT/UAG, experimental apparatus/equipment has at first been constructed by installing an ultrasonic cutting-unit/spindle on a NC lathe/surface grinder for UAT/UAG operations, and then experimental investigations have been performed to elucidate the fundamental machining characteristics involving Inconel 718 workpiece including the effects of the ultrasonic vibration and the cutting/grinding speed on the work-surface finish, the machining force and temperature, the chip formation, the tool/wheel wears and so on. The obtained results show that grinding forces and surface roughness were decreased in UAT/UAG.
Part of the book: Superalloys for Industry Applications