Heavy metals are not biodegradable and tend to accumulate in living organisms. Many heavy metal ions are known to be toxic or carcinogenic. Thus, removal of these toxic heavy metals from water is of crucial importance to protect the human population and the environment. In recent years, polymeric adsorbents have received considerable interest for heavy metal removal mainly due to important technological and scientific developments such as easy synthesis at controlled dimensions with variable functional groups, perfect mechanical rigidity, tunable surface chemistry, large surface area, pore size distribution, high uptake values and feasible regeneration under mild conditions. This chapter has attempted to present to the readers the widespread investigations of acrylic-based polymeric adsorbents so that the reader can get an idea about the various types and forms of polymeric materials used for the removal of heavy metals from water.
Part of the book: Acrylic Polymers in Healthcare