Holographic optical element has a high diffraction efficiency and a narrow-band frequency characteristic, and it has a characteristic that is able to implement several features in a single flat device. It is widely applied in various fields. In this chapter, the principle and characteristics of the holographic optical elements are described in detail, and few typical holographic optical element-based applications, such as head-mounted display, lens array, and solar concentrator, are introduced. Finally, the futuristic research concepts for holographic optical element-based applications and contents are discussed.
Part of the book: Holographic Materials and Optical Systems
Currently, a lot of institutes and industries are working on the development of the virtual reality and augmented reality techniques, and these techniques have been recognized as the determination for the direction of the three-dimensional display development in the near future. In this chapter, we mainly discussed the design and application of several wearable head-mounted display (HMD) systems with the waveguide structure using the in- and out-couplers which are fabricated by the diffractive optical elements or holographic volume gratings. Although the structure is simple, the waveguide-type HMDs are very efficient, especially in the practical applications, especially in the augmented reality applications, which make the device light-weighted. In addition, we reviewed the existing major head-mounted display and augmented reality systems.
Part of the book: State of the Art Virtual Reality and Augmented Reality Knowhow
Holographic optical element is widely developed in augmented reality, virtual reality, and three-dimensional display application. Especially, the full-color HOE has been studied for the wearable device in these days. In this chapter, the basic theories and the specific analysis for the full-color holographic optical element are explained. It also explores the Bragg angle shift phenomenon caused by shrinkage of the recording materials. The full-color holographic optical element with enhanced diffraction efficiencies using the optimum recording intensities for each wavelength is presented. The fabricated full-color holographic optical element can be applied in augmented reality application. In addition, we reviewed the waveguide head-mounted display system using full-color holographic optical element.
Part of the book: Holographic Materials and Applications