Flap endonuclease 1 (FEN1) is a multifunctional DNA branching nuclease. Post-translational modifications (PTMs) exist in this protein widely, including phosphorylation, methylation, acetylation, ubiquitination and small ubiquitination modification (SUMO). Here, we make a summary for those PTMs studies on FEN1, to illustrate relationships between mutations of those amino acids and their functions alteration of FEN1. Numerous evidences have confirmed that dysfunction of FEN1 would lead to genome instability, and then induce a variety of chromosome-related diseases ultimately, including tumors. On one hand, interaction partner also stimulates FEN1 nuclease activity, to further ensure an effective role in the processing of different DNA structures; on the other hand, PTMs may regulate protein-protein interactions and FEN1’s cellular localization.
Part of the book: Post-Translational Modifications in Cellular Functions and Diseases