Most of diabetes care of outpatients takes place at their families. Family members who may have inadequate or lack diabetes knowledge are expected to offer home care, predisposing patients to poor outcomes and associated health problems. To review and discuss literature related to family-centered diabetes care. Comprehensive Literature Review was used to collect data by reviewing literature related to family centered diabetes care. Literature review involved evaluating discoveries of other researchers. The results of literature review showed that family-centered care is essential for better diabetes outcomes and preventing new cases. So far, family-centered care was successful in children’s diabetes care and may be beneficial for older outpatients. Family-centered diabetes care improves knowledge of both patients and families, minimize prevalence and improve diabetes outcomes of outpatients.
Part of the book: Lifestyle and Epidemiology
Cardiovascular diseases (CVDs) are the leading cause of death globally and in Africa, and the cost of care is expensive. Finances of the state may need to be re-channeled to CVDs leading to delay in the development of the country and that of the family since the cost of care also burdens the family. Cost-effective interventions to curb the prevalence and incidences of CVDs are required. A comprehensive literature search was conducted. The risk factors include unhealthy diet, physical inactivity, tobacco use, and harmful use of alcohol. On that background, the CVD can be prevented through behavioral interventions aimed at addressing these risk factors. Moreover, behavioral interventions could be helpful in minimizing costs of care and curb prevalence of cardiovascular diseases. Behavioral interventions have been found to be cost-effective and assist in the management of cardiovascular diseases. Therefore, healthcare providers must at each consultation sessions with patients emphasize more on behavioural change. They must help patients visualize the do’s and dont’s for the successful attainment of their health goals. In doing so, healthcare providers must collaborate among themselves and also collaborate with communities and families of patients. At the same time, it is significant to alter false perceptions and attitudes toward cardiovascular diseases to help individuals develop positive attitudes.
Part of the book: Novel Pathogenesis and Treatments for Cardiovascular Disease
Diabetes is a fast-growing disease that is costly to manage, leading to both financial and non-financial burdens. These burdens are worsened in the presence of diabetes complications, so improved interventions are critical. Prior to developing new interventions, a baseline analysis should be conducted to gain insight into the strengths and weaknesses of current interventions. Furthermore, a baseline analysis helps in identifying discrepancies to be addressed and outlining how the environment impacts diabetes management. A comprehensive literature review was adopted to collect data regarding the importance of a baseline analysis in diabetes interventions. The findings of the literature review indicated that a baseline analysis is a critical step for the development of effective diabetes interventions. Knowledge, attitudes, practices, and anthropometric factors such as quality of life and social determinants of health, should be assessed when conducting a baseline analysis. A baseline analysis is affirmed as a fundamental prerequisite for the development of diabetes interventions for better outcomes. There is also a need to assess the capacity of healthcare providers to conduct a baseline analysis to determine the need for support and in-service training. An inappropriately-conducted baseline analysis may lead to inappropriate solutions and misdiagnosis. The implementation of wrongful solutions would defeat the objective of improving diabetes outcomes.
Part of the book: Health and Educational Success