The skin clinical phenotypes of nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID) hypersensitivity (NH) are very heterogeneous with several syndromes after NSAID intake, which include different symptoms, different organ involvement and different associated concomitant diseases and possibly different underlying pathophysiology and mechanisms. Making a correct diagnosis in NH is an exciting journey for any allergist. Thus, to classify these diseases properly will be pivotal for appropriate diagnostic and management strategy. Treatment modalities are depending on the clinical phenotypes of NH and they will embrace for each patient: the avoidance of culprit NSAID, the finding of well-tolerated NSAID and in certain cases, desensitization procedures when the NSAID treatment was absolutely needed as well as the control of associated diseases such as spontaneous chronic urticarial or allergic respiratory diseases. This review updates the recent evidence of classification, diagnostic strategies, and management of skin NSAID hypersensitivity reactions.
Part of the book: Urticaria