Metal–organic frameworks (MOFs), which belong to a sub-class of coordination polymers, have been significantly studied in the fields of gas storage and separation over the last two decades. There are 80,000 synthetically known MOFs in the current database with known crystal structures and some physical properties. However, recently, numerous functional MOFs have been exploited to use in the optoelectronic field owing to some unique properties of MOFs with enhanced luminescence, electrical, and chemical stability. This book chapter provides a comprehensive summary of MOFs chemistry, isoreticular synthesis, and properties of isoreticular MOFs, synthesis advancements to tailor optical and electrical properties. The chapter mainly discusses the research advancement made towards investigating optoelectronic properties of IRMOFs. We also discuss the future prospective of MOFs for electronic devices with a proposed roadmap suggested by us. We believe that the MOFs-device roadmap should be one meaningful way to reach MOFs milestones for optoelectronic devices, particularly providing the potential roadmap to MOF-based field-effect transistors, photovoltaics, thermoelectric devices, and solid-state electrolytes and lithium ion battery components. It may enable MOFs to be performed in their best, as well as allowing the necessary integration with other materials to fabricate fully functional devices in the next few decades.
Part of the book: Optoelectronics