Ti6Al4V is very commonly used for the production of dental implants. Titanium alloys whose mechanical and corrosion properties are equal or better than those of Ti6Al4V might present interest as plausible future materials, too. Ti6Al7Nb alloy was tested and compared to Ti6Al4V in this work. Samples of both alloys were oxidized in a water solution containing calcium acetate (Ca(CH3COO)2) and calcium glycerophosphate (Ca(PO4CH(CH2OH)2)) by Plasma Electrolytic Oxidation (PEO) for 20 min. After that, the samples were hydrothermally treated (HTT) in water (pH = 7) and in potassium hydroxide (KOH) solution (pH = 11) for 2 hours at 200°C in a pressurized reactor. The content and morphology of hydroxyapatite (HA) layers formed on the surface of both alloys after the PEO and subsequent HTT treatments were studied. The surface morphologies, elemental composition, and phase components were characterized by Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM), Energy Dispersive Spectroscopy (EDS), and X-Ray Diffraction (XRD), respectively. The surface roughness was measured by Atomic Force Microscope (AFM), and thickness measurements were made by SEM and thickness gauge. Corrosion measurements were performed for the comparison of the corrosion behavior of the two alloys.
Part of the book: Corrosion