Epstein–Barr virus (EBV) is the cause of certain cancers, such as Burkitt lymphoma, Hodgkin lymphoma, NK/T cell lymphoma, nasopharyngeal carcinoma, and a subset of gastric carcinomas. The genome-wide characteristics of EBV are essential to understand the diversity of strains isolated from EBV-related malignancies, provide the first opportunity to test the general validity of the EBV genetic map and explore recombination, geographic variation, and the major features of variation in this virus. Moreover, understanding more about EBV sequence variations isolated from EBV-related malignancies might give important implications for the development of effective prophylactic and therapeutic vaccine approaches targeting the personalized or geographic-specific EBV antigens in these aggressive diseases. In this chapter, we will mainly focus on the EBV genome-wide profiling in three common EBV-related cancers in Asia, including nasopharyngeal carcinoma, EBV-associated gastric carcinoma, and NK/T-cell lymphoma.
Part of the book: Epstein-Barr Virus