The hydrazone functional group is widely applied in several fields. The versatility and large use of this chemotype are attributed to its easy and straightforward synthesis and unique structural characteristics which is useful for different chemical and biological purposes. Recently hydrazone scaffold has been widely adopted in the design of small-molecule fluorescent and colorimetric chemosensors for detecting metals and anions because of its corresponding non-covalent interactions. This chapter provides an overview of hydrazone-based fluorescent and colorimetric chemosensors for anions and metals of biological interest, with their representative rational designs in the last 15 years. We hope this chapter inspires the development of novel and powerful fluorescent and colorimetric chemosensors for a broad range of applications.
Part of the book: Computational Biology and Chemistry