A quantum dot is a quantum system in classical space with unique characteristics, as a result of a large quantum limitation. The experimental results of this chapter substantiate the ability of quantum dots to play a key role in purely quantum processes, for example, teleportation of quantum objects, and the generation of macroscopic quantum gravity force and, of course, are a qubit in quantum computing. A quantum dot has the ability to capture (capture) a photo-induced charge carrier by a surface defect of its crystal structure and, thereby, create a second stable long-lived quantum state, which is a necessary requirement for a qubit. This ability puts a quantum dot out of competition with respect to many other quantum objects, like qubits, in terms of the simplicity and cheapness of their continuous generation in standard laboratory conditions. Quantum dots have received wide recognition because of their unique exciton luminescence characteristics; this chapter substantiates a fundamentally new area to use quantum dots in the development and study of both fundamental and applied physics.
Part of the book: Quantum Dots