Born in 1935 in Poland completed medical studies in Krakow receiving in 1957 M.D. degree and in 1961 Ph.D. degree. Subsequently was employed at the Jagiellonian University in Krakow receiving in 1976 the title of professor. As visiting scientist spent almost 5 years carrying research in London (UK), Hamilton (Ontario, Canada) and Athens (GA, USA). Published over 200 papers concerning functions of enzymes and regulation of protein synthesis. These publications received so far over 4000 citations.