This chapter presents an overview of various solar air conditioning technologies such as solar PV, absorption, desiccant, and adsorption cooling systems. It includes feasibility and comparative analysis of numerous standalone and hybrid configurations of solar cooling systems, which were investigated in past. In addition, recent developments in use of solar energy as a regeneration source to dehumidify desiccant wheel in different applications are also discussed. Details of system technologies and climate-based performance comparison in terms of various performance factors, for example, COPth, Qlatent, Qsensible, COPsolar, SF, PES, and Ƞcollector for solar-assisted configurations are highlighted. It is observed that hybridization of solar solid desiccant system results more efficient and cost-effective cooling system as latent and sensible loads are treated independently, especially when regeneration process of desiccant wheel is integrated with solar energy. This review will help to explore further improvements in solar-assisted cooling systems.
Part of the book: Renewable Energy