This chapter presents an overview of various solar air conditioning technologies such as solar PV, absorption, desiccant, and adsorption cooling systems. It includes feasibility and comparative analysis of numerous standalone and hybrid configurations of solar cooling systems, which were investigated in past. In addition, recent developments in use of solar energy as a regeneration source to dehumidify desiccant wheel in different applications are also discussed. Details of system technologies and climate-based performance comparison in terms of various performance factors, for example, COPth, Qlatent, Qsensible, COPsolar, SF, PES, and Ƞcollector for solar-assisted configurations are highlighted. It is observed that hybridization of solar solid desiccant system results more efficient and cost-effective cooling system as latent and sensible loads are treated independently, especially when regeneration process of desiccant wheel is integrated with solar energy. This review will help to explore further improvements in solar-assisted cooling systems.
Part of the book: Renewable Energy
This chapter presents the volume fraction distribution of kerosene-water two-phase flow in vertical and inclined pipes. The study of liquid-liquid two-phase flow is very significant to oil industry and many other processes in industry where two liquids are mixed and flow together. Pitot tube and optical probes are used for the measurement of velocity of water and volume fraction. The experimental measurements of the local parameters demonstrate that the single-phase and two-phase flows reached the fully developed axisymmetric conditions at L/D ≥ 48 (L, pipe length; D, pipe diameter). The results also showed the severe asymmetry distributions of the volume fraction at the entrance region (L/D = 1) downstream the bend and in the inclined pipe. The comparison of volume fraction profiles with void fraction profiles indicated a significant difference in their shapes. The results also showed that the kerosene accumulated at the upper wall of the inclined pipe and the distribution improved by increasing the volumetric quality.