Scientists have competed to find codes that can be decoded with optimal decoding algorithms. Generalized LDPC codes were found to compare well with such codes. LDPC codes are well treated with both types of decoding; HDD and SDD. On the other hand GLDPC codes iterative decoding, on both AWGN and BSC channels, was not sufficiently investigated in the literature. This chapter first describes its construction then discusses its iterative decoding algorithms on both channels so far. The SISO decoders, of GLDPC component codes, show excellent error performance with moderate and high code rate. However, the complexities of such decoding algorithms are very high. When the HDD BF algorithm presented to LDPC for its simplicity and speed, it was far from the BSC capacity. Therefore involving LDPC codes in optical systems using such algorithms is a wrong choice. GLDPC codes can be introduced as a good alternative of LDPC codes as their performance under BF algorithm can be improved and they would then be a competitive choice for optical communications. This chapter will discuss the iterative HDD algorithms that improve decoding error performance of GLDPC codes. SDD algorithms that maintain the performance but lowering decoding simplicity are also described.
Part of the book: Coding Theory