Diatom indices have been extensively applied in the bioassessment of surface waters and wetlands in many countries except Nigeria. This pioneer study aimed at investigating the use of epilithic diatom-based indices in the assessment of the Ogun River quality. Water and epilithic diatom samples were collected fortnightly from four sampling stations for a period of four consecutive months (March–June 2015). Water samples were analysed for pH, temperature, electrical conductivity, total dissolved solids (TDS), dissolved oxygen, chemical oxygen demand (COD), nitrite, nitrate, ammonium, phosphate, sulphide, chloride, iron, manganese, silicate, total alkalinity, total hardness, total suspended solids (TSS), transparency and total organic carbon using standard methods. Epilithic diatom samples were collected by scraping the surfaces of rocks or stones using an 18 mm toothbrush and analysed following the standard methods. Data collected were subjected to descriptive (frequency, mean) and inferential statistics (diatom indices, Pearson correlation) using OMNIDIA and SPSS statistical packages. Results showed that the water quality of the Lower Ogun River ranged between bad and high qualities during the study period. The diatom indices (trophic diatom index (TDI), biological diatom index (IBD), generic salinity index (GSI1), generic trophic index (GTI), generic saprobity index (GTI)) were correlated with physical and chemical parameters, thereby indicating their effectiveness in water quality ranking.
Part of the book: Limnology