Immediate breast reconstruction in the United States is increasing with the majority of patients undergoing implant-based reconstruction. The use of pedicled autologous tissues has also been used, but due to significant donor site morbidity, free autologous tissue transfer has largely replaced it. The gold standard currently for breast reconstruction is free autologous tissue transfer from the abdomen if no contraindications exist. However, not all hospitals have the expertise available to perform free autologous tissue transfers for breast reconstruction. Other donor sites available for free autologous tissue transfer include the thigh and gluteal areas. With advances in free tissue transfer techniques, the donor site morbidity and flap failure rates are minimal. The ultimate goal for any breast reconstruction patient is to achieve the appropriate size, shape, symmetry, softness, and sensation. The goal of this chapter is to assist in achieving these goals in the immediate breast reconstruction patient through the use of free autologous tissue transfers.
Part of the book: Breast Cancer and Breast Reconstruction