Fuel atomization, the transformation of bulk liquid into sprays, is of importance in jet engines. In this chapter, we will introduce the latest research advances on breakup morphology and mechanism of liquid atomization. On primary atomization, based on the morphological difference, the twin-fluid atomization could be classified into different regimes. The influence of Kelvin-Helmholtz and Rayleigh-Taylor instability on breakup morphology and fragment size is great and nonmonotonic. On secondary atomization, Rayleigh-Taylor instability is considered as the main driving mechanism in different bag-breakup modes; for higher Weber number, it will be in concurrence with the shear instability. Based on ligament-mediated spray formation model, ligament breakup is found to be well represented by the gamma distributions. Atomization of complex fluids has special characteristics and mechanisms. There are also a lot of research advances recently in this field.
Part of the book: Environmental Impact of Aviation and Sustainable Solutions