High-frequency surface-wave radar (HFSWR) has been successfully applied for moving target detection and remote sensing of ocean surface dynamic parameters for decades. Compared with conventional instruments such as buoys, anemometers, and microwave radars, HFSWR can be employed to an all-weather and all-time surveillance far beyond the visible horizon. Moreover, based on agility and maneuverability, shipborne HFSWR can not only enhance the survivability in complex ocean environment but also enlarge the detection distance on open sea, which will gradually become a popular deployment situation. In this chapter, ocean surface cross sections for shipborne HFSWR with linear platform motion and sway motion are derived theoretically. Then, the methods for ocean surface wind direction, wind field, and current extraction are presented. The computer simulations and experimental results of the real data are given to verify the detection accuracy and the distance limit of the abovementioned methods.
Part of the book: Recent Advances and Applications in Remote Sensing