The transition to nanosized fillers allows to significantly improve the characteristics of composites while reducing their degree of filling, and in some cases to achieve new properties unattainable with the use of traditional fillers and modifiers. Polymeric nanocomposites have unique barrier properties, electrical conductivity, thermal conductivity, increased strength, heat resistance, and thermal stability, as well as reduced flammability. It is known that the addition of nanodispersed layered silicates and various forms of carbon nanofillers to polymeric matrices can significantly affect the mechanisms of thermal and thermooxidative destruction and burning of nanocomposites. In this chapter, we compare the properties of composite materials based on nanostructured silicon carbide and carbon nanotubes with modified and unmodified surfaces obtained on three types of polyimide matrices (matrix No. 1 based on pyromellitic dianhydride and 4,4′-oxydianiline, matrix No. 2 based on 3,3‘,4,4’-benzophenone tetracarboxylic acid dianhydride and p-phenylenediamine, and matrix No. 3 based on pyromellitic dianhydride and 4-[4-(4-aminophenoxy) phenoxy] phenylamine). The dynamic viscosity of polyamide acid, the physicomechanical characteristics of film polymer composite materials, the determination of thermal stability, and thermooxidative destruction mechanism of composites were determined.
Part of the book: Characterizations of Some Composite Materials