The objective of this study is to analyze the institutional and organizational structure of public service companies in Italy. After analyzing the various reforms of the Public Administration, research has focused on the crisis and the insolvency of publicly owned companies, as, for the first time and recently the legislator has organically regulated the consequences of the insolvency of the same, affirming their general submission to bankruptcy and insolvency proceedings. Still the norm also outlined the procedure for the adoption of preventive plans should aim to avoid insolvency in financial hardship cases, and to remedy the crisis of the investee companies. After having dealt with the issue of historical evolution and territorial distribution of the phenomenon of public enterprises in Italy, aspects of the legal framework of the object of study will be addressed. The next section analyzes the contents of the reform of public companies, recalling the reference standards and the important news concerning the coverage of losses of companies. The new discipline produces important repercussions on public budgets and therefore on the community: for this reason, the conclusions of the study will deal with this aspect.
Part of the book: Public Economics and Finance