A short review of the state of the art in experimental and computational fluid dynamics (CFD) characterization of micro-hydrodynamics and physicochemical processes in stirred tanks and agglomeration reactors is presented. Results of experimental and computational studies focusing on classical mixing tanks as well as other innovative reactors with various industrial applications are briefly reviewed. The hydrodynamic characterization techniques as well as the influence of the fluid dynamics on the efficiency of the physicochemical processes have been highlighted including some of the limitations of the reported modeling approach and solution strategy. Finally, the need for specialized CFD codes tailored to the specific needs of fluid-particle reactor design and optimization is advocated to advance research in this field.
Part of the book: Laboratory Unit Operations and Experimental Methods in Chemical Engineering
This work presents a short review of the theoretical developments in the application of vortex dynamics to the processing of environmental and biological systems. The mechanisms of complex fluid-particle interaction in vortex dominated and non-vortex dominated flows are briefly discussed from theoretical and practical perspectives. Micro vortex propagation, characteristics and their various applications in environmental process engineering are briefly discussed. Several existing and potential applications of vortex dynamics in turbulent flows are highlighted and as well as the knowledge gaps in the current understanding of turbulence phenomenon with respect to its applications in the processing of solid-liquid suspension and biological systems.
Part of the book: Vortex Dynamics Theories and Applications