The topics about prevention against sunlight-induced damages and a secure threshold to light exposition have reached a bigger number of specialists in basic science and medical care. It has been accepted that ultraviolet light is very hazardous and visible light is safe, but recent studies from our group has shown that human keratinocytes exposed previously to ultraviolet A (UVA) light can generate an endogenous visible light-sensitive photosensitizer (lipofuscin), leading to higher levels of singlet oxygen, DNA damages and a wide-range of cellular insults due to intracellular lipofuscin accumulation. Disruption of cell death pathways and on essential metabolic processes, as autophagy and redox signaling, can collaborate to increase light-induced damages. We also discuss the importance of considering not only UVA but visible light too in protection against solar exposure as a way to prevent future pretumoral lesions.
Part of the book: Photochemistry and Photophysics