Realization that dental caries is a reversible, dynamic process at a micron level has changed the way the profession recognizes the caries disease. GV Black in 1908 in his text book “Operative Dentistry” advises the profession not to ignore the biological nature of dental caries. He stated that “this attitude of profession is an anomaly in science that should not continue.” It has the apparent tendency to make dentists mechanics only. A goal of modern dentistry is to manage non-cavitated (demineralized) caries lesions noninvasively through remineralization in an attempt to prevent disease progression and improve esthetics, strength, and function. Remineralization can be described as mineral gain to the tooth structures. Commonly, fluoride was used to enhance remineralization. However, many side effects for its usage are confirmed. The aim of this chapter is to shed the light about several recent approaches for tooth remineralization.
Part of the book: Dental Caries