The effects of pulsed irradiation based-LEDs on the growth and photosynthetic light utilization efficiency of lettuce leaves were studied. Plants were grown under different pulse-cycled irradiations of 0.5–500 Hz, and 1–20 kHz frequencies, at PPFD of 200 μmolm−2 s−1 with 50% duty ratio (illuminated duration/cycle). The photosynthetic rate (Pn) was maintained relatively constant over the range of measurements at pulsed light at 80 PPFD. At 200 PPFD, Pn gradually decreased by lowering frequency below 2.5 Hz of pulsed light. Pn under pulsed light was slightly higher than that under continuous light. Chlorophyll fluorescence (Fv/Fm, Fv’/Fm′, qP) showed no significant difference between under pulsed light and continuous light except at the lowest frequency (0.2 Hz). The similar quantum yield (ØPSII) and electron transport rate (ETR) of PSII were obtained in a wide range of frequency of pulsed light, which might be an effective illumination strategy for cultivating leaf lettuce by using LEDs. Flashing irradiation did not significantly change chlorophyll content. Results suggested the effectiveness of pulsed light at 50% duty ratio on the growth of leafy vegetables that were richly cultivated in a closed type plant factory with the possibility of saving electricity by using intermittent illumination system with LEDs.
Part of the book: Photosynthesis