Gastrointestinal stromal tumor (GIST) is the most common mesenchymal tumor of the gastrointestinal tract. The stomach is considered the most common site of GIST, and the most common histopathological type of GISTs is spindle cell. Mutational analysis may help in defining the management of GIST. Multiple stratification modules are available for the estimation of GISTs’ prognosis. Surgery is considered the only curative option for GISTs. The discovery of KIT protein has allowed better identification of GISTs and has allowed creation of selective tyrosine kinase inhibitors which dramatically affected GIST management. Results of trials on neoadjuvant imatinib therapy are promising. Adjuvant imatinib therapy is recommended for 3 years and has proven to improve outcome in high-risk GISTs. New therapeutic agents are now available in case of imatinib resistance. Follow-up of patients with GISTs depends on the type of GIST.
Part of the book: Gastric Cancer