Carbon capture and storage, which is also known as CCS, is an obligatory climate change mitigation technology to reduce the carbon dioxide gas emissions to the atmosphere thus limiting the average global temperature increase to 2°C. Process analytical technology is a scientific tool to improve process qualities and performance through timely measurements. This chapter describes how process analytical technology can be imbedded to a carbon capture technology by giving a detailed example of implementation of a process analyzer to CO2 capture by alkanolamine absorption process. Such an implementation requires success in five elements, which are described in this chapter. They are as follows: selecting an appropriate process analyzer, integration between the analyzer and the process, model development to enable the analyzer to predict a process-related chemical or physical attribute, use of the developed model in real-time application and use of the data obtained from the analyzer as an input to a process control unit. Partial least square regression model is a useful chemometric-based method to extract hidden chemical information in measurements from a process analyzer. In this chapter, four partial least square regression models are presented, which are developed to predict CO2 concentration for four different alkanolamine solutions when these amines are used to absorb CO2 from a combustion process.
Part of the book: Carbon Dioxide Chemistry, Capture and Oil Recovery