For a complete analysis of vibration, the stiffness of a structure must have two characteristics: one corresponding to conventional stiffness and the other to the geometric stiffness. Thus, the total stiffness takes form where the model to be used to represent any behavior of the material is introduced to the first part via the modulus of elasticity. The second is the geometric stiffness, through which it is possible to linearize a geometric nonlinear problem. To consider both aspects, a mathematical model based on the Rayleigh method has been elaborated. Two systems were numerically studied. First, the occurrence of resonance in the vibration of a prestressed reinforced concrete beam has been investigated. The results indicated resonant and non-resonant schemes between the natural frequency of the beam and the frequency of the engine. To the second system, the first natural frequency of a slender, 40-m-high concrete mobile phone mast, was calculated, and an evaluation of the structural collapse was performed. To the both systems, the cross section of reinforced concrete was treated by the theory for the homogenized section in order to consider the presence of the steel, and the viscoelasticity of the concrete was taken into account through a three-parameter rheological model.
Part of the book: Numerical Simulations in Engineering and Science