The main intricacy in the human proteome is that it is tremendously complex and composed of diverse and heterogeneous gene products. These products are called protein species or proteoforms and are the smallest units of the proteome. In pursuit of the comprehensive profiling of the human proteome, significant advances should be performed. The approaches that allow disclosing and keeping the information about human proteome using two-dimensional gel electrophoresis (2DE) are described. Experimental identification methods such as mass spectrometry of high resolution and sensitivity (MALDI-TOF MS and ESI LC-MS/MS) or immunodetection in combination with bioinformatics and 2DE can be used for the development of a comprehensive knowledge base of the human proteome.
Part of the book: Electrophoresis