Understanding the optical property of nanostructured TiO2 is crucial for their use in a variety of applications such as solar cells, photocatalysis, and light emitting devices. Herein, we introduce the use of synchrotron radiation-based spectroscopic techniques: X-ray absorption near-edge structure (XANES) and X-ray excited optical luminescence (XEOL) in analyzing the luminescence properties of anodized TiO2 nanotubes (TiO2 NT) and related materials. A description on the spectroscopic technique is first given, including conventional XANES-XEOL combined analysis and a more recently developed 2D XANES-XEOL probing technique. We then discuss several examples of analyzing the luminescence mechanism of TiO2 NT using XANES and XEOL technique, which are the phase transformation accompanied luminescence, luminescence from TiO2 NT hierarchical structure, and metal particle–coated TiO2 NT.
Part of the book: Titanium Dioxide