In this work, the twin-grating fiber optic sensor has been applied on wavelength-division multiplexing. A quasi-distributed sensor formed by three local twin-grating sensors, is numerically simulated. The wavelength channels were 1531.5, 1535.5, and 1539.5 nm. The numerical simulation shows the resolution vs. signal-to-noise rate. Three local twin-grating sensors have approximately the same resolution because all local sensors have the same cavity length and the wavelength channels are very close. All local sensors have two numerical resolutions because the Fourier domain phase analysis algorithm makes two evaluations of the Bragg wavelength shift. The transition between both resolutions can be calculated with the parameters: cavity length, Bragg wavelength channel, refraction index, and enveloped resolution. This transition depends on the noise system, demodulation algorithm, instrumentation, and local sensor properties. A very important point is, a theoretical analysis will permit to know the exact resolution for each local twin-grating sensor.
Part of the book: Numerical Simulations in Engineering and Science
We synthesized the semiconductor oxide MnSb2O6 through a wet chemical process assisted by low-power microwave radiation. A gas-sensitive sensor was elaborated from the MnSb2O6 powders obtained by calcination at 600°C. The sensor was electrically characterized in static CO and C3H8 atmospheres by measuring direct current signals at 100, 200, and 300°C. The toxic gases’ concentrations were 1, 5, 50, 100, 200, 300, 400, and 500 ppm of C3H8; and 1, 5, 50, 100, 200, and 300 ppm of CO. From the MnSb2O6’s electrical resistance results, a sensor’s operational point and a low-cost analog circuit were proposed, obtaining two new prototypes: one for detecting C3H8 and a second one for detecting CO. We selected the response at 200°C and 5 ppm for both cases. Notably, this concentration (5 ppm) is selectable with a calibration resistance, generating an alarm signal of ≈11.3V at a supply voltage of 120 V AC. The toxic gas detectors showed excellent functionality. The resistive sensor showed high sensitivity and good electrical response, while the analog circuit presented a rapid response. Due to the operating temperature employed (200°C), these devices could find practical applications, for example, exothermic generators and heaters.
Part of the book: Metal-Oxide Gas Sensors