In recent years, there has been a growing interest in utilizing inorganic membranes, particularly alumina (Al2O3) ceramic membranes (CMs), and to address a variety of separation problems in miscellaneous industry. Al2O3 membranes are commercially predominant in CMs market. Al2O3 material is generally used either as membrane support and/or as membrane layer due to advantages provided by this material and its derivatives such as availability in tonnage quantities, chemical inertness, good hardness, and thermal stability of the porous texture during elaboration steps. In this chapter, we comprehensibly look at the recent studies related to desalination and water treatment by ultrafiltration (UF), nanofiltration (NF) Al2O3 membrane, and highlight the separation properties of the membrane in specific environmental pollution. The influences of membrane operating conditions and water quality on the rejection of pollutant by Al2O3 membrane are reported through a series of bench-level experiments.
Part of the book: Desalination and Water Treatment