Under the background of global warming, rising sea level, extreme weather and other global climate changes, vegetation has played a targeted and irreplaceable role. The characteristics of individual plant, community landscape and vegetation succession in response to the major driving factor (mainly includes habitat relative elevation, net loss of coastal habitat, salinity, etc.) were analyzed. An obvious development of vegetation landscape fragmentation has results from the competitive advantages of salt-tolerant species or invasive species, which eventually results in the regressive succession and unreasonable secondary succession of vegetation. Compared with the botanical community statistics method, the method of combined of GIS-mapping and remote sensing data provide a more effective way to extract the individual plant stress information, vegetation community structure and dynamic change of vegetation landscape pattern, which can reflect the spatial differentiation of the vegetation at a macro-scale. In addition, in view of the high-efficiency carbon sequestration capability of coastal wetland vegetation, the spatial distribution, temporal dynamic and extraction method of vegetation and soil sequestration were discussed. Synthesize above analysis result, further studies in vegetation response to global climate change were proposed, which need to be improved or expanded.
Part of the book: Sea Level Rise and Coastal Infrastructure