Transient cavity method used to generate ultrashort laser pulses in dye lasers is extended to a solid-state gain medium. Numerical simulations are performed to investigate the spectro-temporal evolution of broadband ultraviolet (UV) laser emission from Ce3+-doped LiCaAlF6 (Ce:LiCAF), which is represented as a system of two homogeneous broadened singlet states. By solving the rate equations extended to multiple wavelengths, the appropriate cavity length and Q-factor for optimal photon cavity decay time and pumping energy that will generate resonator transients is determined. Formation of resonator transients could generate picosecond UV laser pulses from a Ce:LiCAF crystal pumped by the fourth harmonics (266 nm) of a Nd:YAG laser. Numerical simulations indicate that a 1-mol% Ce3+-doped LiCAF crystal that is 1-mm long can generate a single picosecond pulse. This is accomplished by using a low Q (output coupler reflectivity of 10%), short cavity (cavity length of 2 mm) laser oscillator. Ultrashort pulses can also be generated using other rare earth-doped fluoride laser materials using this technique.
Part of the book: Numerical Simulations in Engineering and Science