Polyethylene terephthalate (PET), as the most favorable packaging material, is owing to its transparent color, lightweight, strength, food safe, inexpensive price, fully recyclability, etc. In addition to all these advantages, PET as a waste material takes up considerable space in nature and needs to be recycled for the disposal of these wastes. In this regard, recycling enables conserving raw materials, reducing energy use in order to produce virgin PET, and reducing greenhouse gas emissions. Today, PET is the most widely recycled plastic in the world. Eco-friendly products obtained by recycling of PET are mainly used as textile fibers. In addition, both brands and consumers are seen to be enthusiastic in order to minimize the environmental effects of PET wastes. This study is concerned with the use of textile fiber from recycled PET (r-PET) bottles to produce a cotton blended ring and compact yarns. Undoubtedly, the study also includes comparison of cotton blended virgin polyester fiber (v-PET) with r-PET fiber to determine the advantages and disadvantages of r-PET fiber. The reason for choosing cotton fiber is the most preferred fiber blending with PET commercially.
Part of the book: Polyester
Elastic core-spun yarns which is used as weft yarn for textile fabrics gained great importance in the last decade its due to the fact that stretch and recovery, comfort fits and flexibility properties. The technological progress made the dual core-spun yarn production possible. The dual core-spun yarns are composed of filament that contributes durability and polyurethane based elastane that provides stretchability to the fabrics. Hereby, both filament and elastane characteristics have great influence on denim performance at the same time. The main purpose of this study is to achieve the effect of filament fineness and elastane draft on denim fabric performance such as breaking force, breaking elongation, tear force, vertical elastic recovery, moisture management that is wicking rate and water absorption properties. Meanwhile, filament core-spun yarns with different filament fineness and 100% cotton yarn were also used as weft of the denims in order to investigate the differences statistically. It was found that that filament fineness and elastane draft had statistically significant effect on all inspected performances of denim fabrics except water absorption.
Part of the book: Engineered Fabrics