In order to address poor lubrication of porous bearings due to the seepage flow of oil into the porous medium, multi-layered sintered composite bearings have been developed. Multi-layered bearings achieve a combination of high strength and good lubrication. Lubrication model of the porous multi-layer materials in polar coordinates was established based on Darcy’s law. And the effect of surface Darcy flow and porous structure on the lubrication capacity were discussed by using the finite difference method. In the end, the tribology experiments of the multi-layer materials were presented on the end face tribo-tester to verify the simulation results. Results show that the lubrication performance of the multi-layer materials is better than that of the single layer materials. With the decrease of the surface porosity, the lubrication performance becomes better in the given range of surface layer. Also, it can be significantly improved if considering the surface Darcy flow. Within a certain range, the effects of surface Darcy flow on lubrication performance are more obviously with higher speed. There is a good agreement between the numerical analysis and the measurement. Research work provides a theoretical basis for analysis and design of multi-layer sintering bearing material.
Part of the book: Tribology, Lubricants and Additives