The high risk in developing a more advanced wind power generator with scientific and technological know-how, heavy loss in maintaining the accessories of a wind plant and stochastic nature of wind energy make the maximum energy retrieval questionable, but still optimum wind energy extraction can be achieved by operating the wind turbine generator (WTG) in a variable-speed, variable-frequency mode with different types of wind electric generators (WEGs). In this chapter, maximum power from wind using permanent magnet synchronous generator (PMSG) is made possible by using intelligent controllers, namely fuzzy logic controllers. The chapter also discusses the simulated results obtained from modeling, simulation, and analysis of this PMSG-based wind energy conversion system (WECS) for both open- and closed-loop control strategies. PMSG suffers drastically from load and strong decay of magnetic field, which tends to reduce the generated voltage at the stator terminals, making it difficult for isolated operation and thus the whole analysis is done with grid-connected network. The other major limitations include loss of flexibility in field flux control, hence intelligent techniques like fuzzy logic mechanism are attempted along with space-vector modulation (SVM) to have a smooth control of field flux and load power management in PMSG.
Part of the book: MATLAB