Millions of peoples in the world suffer from their bone damage tissues by disease or trauma. Every day, thousands of surgical procedures are performed to replace or repair these tissues. The availability of these tissues is a big problem, and their costs are expensive. The repair of these defects has become a major clinical and socioeconomic need with the increase of aging population and social development. The emerge of tissue engineering (TE) is considered as a glimmer of hope to contribute in solving this problem. It aims at the regeneration of damaged tissues with restoring and maintaining the function of human bone tissues using the combination of cell biology, materials science, and engineering principles. In this chapter, the current state of the tissue engineering in particular bioceramic scaffolds was discussed. Concept of tissue engineering was explored. Bioceramic scaffold materials, their processing techniques, challenges taken into consideration the design of the scaffolds, and their in-vitro and in-vivo studies were highlighted. The scaffolds with extra-functionalities such as drug release ability and clinical applications were mentioned.
Part of the book: Materials, Technologies and Clinical Applications