Power inverter play an important role in power system especially with its capability on reducing system size and increase efficiently. The recent research trends of power electronic system are focusing on multilevel inverter topics in optimization on voltage output, reducing the total harmonics distortion, modulation technique, and switching configuration. The research emphasizes the optimization with a fundamental switching frequency method that is the optimized harmonic stepped waveform (OHSW) modulation method. The selective harmonic elimination (SHE) calculation has adapted with genetic algorithm (GA) and particle swarm optimization (PSO) in order to speed up the calculation. Both bioinspired algorithms are compared in terms of total harmonic distortion (THD) and selective harmonic elimination for both equal and unequal sources. The overall result showed that both algorithms have high accuracy in solving the nonlinear equation. However, the genetic algorithm showed better output quality in terms of selective harmonic elimination which overall no exceeding 0.4%. Particle swarm optimization shows strength in finding the best total harmonic distortion where in seven-level cascaded H-bridge multilevel inverter (m=0.8) shows 6.8% only as compared to genetic algorithm. Simulation for three-level, five-level, and seven-level for each multilevel inverter at different circumferences had been done in this research. The result draws out a conclusion where the possibility of having a filterless high-efficient inverter can be achieved.
Part of the book: Compendium of New Techniques in Harmonic Analysis
In this chapter, an efficient computation approach is proposed for solving a general class of discrete-time optimal control problems. In our approach, a simplified optimal control model, which is adding the adjusted parameters into the model used, is solved iteratively. In this way, the differences between the real plant and the model used are calculated, in turn, to update the optimal solution of the model used. During the computation procedure, the equivalent optimization problem is formulated, where the conjugate gradient algorithm is applied in solving the optimization problem. On this basis, the optimal solution of the modified model-based optimal control problem is obtained repeatedly. Once the convergence is achieved, the iterative solution approximates to the correct optimal solution of the original optimal control problem, in spite of model-reality differences. For illustration, both linear and nonlinear examples are demonstrated to show the performance of the approach proposed. In conclusion, the efficiency of the approach proposed is highly presented.
Part of the book: Control Theory in Engineering