This work demonstrates the autoignition and chemical-kinetic mechanisms of homogeneous charge compression ignition (HCCI) combustion for the fuels with various autoignition reactivity. This is done for four fuels: methane, dimethyl ether (DME), iso-octane and n-heptane. Methane and iso-octane are selected as the single-stage ignition fuel, and DME and n-heptane are selected as the two-stage ignition fuel. As a tool for understanding the characteristics of autoignition and combustion process in HCCI engine, a zero-dimensional single-zone engine model of ‘CHEMKIN’ in Chemkin-Pro was used. The complete compression and expansion strokes were modeled using an engine with a connecting-rod length to crank-radius ratio of 3.5 and a compression ratio of 13. A detailed chemical-kinetic mechanism for methane and DME is Mech_56.54 (113 species and 710 reactions). For iso-octane and n-heptane, a detailed chemical-kinetic mechanism from Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (1034 species and 4236 reactions) is used. The results show that methane and iso-octane exhibit only the main heat release, ‘high-temperature heat release (HTHR)’ by high-temperature reactions (HTR). In contrast, both DME and n-heptane exhibit the first heat release ‘low-temperature heat release (LTHR)’ associated with low-temperature reactions (LTR) before HTHR.
Part of the book: Advanced Chemical Kinetics