This paper represents a solution algorithm for optimizing traffic signal timings in urban road networks by considering reserve capacity with an equity constraint. It is well known that the variation of signal timings in a road network may cause an inequity issue with regard to the travel costs of road users travelling between origin-destination (O-D) pairs. That is, the users may be influenced differently by changing traffic signal timings. In this context, the bilevel programming model is proposed for finding reserve capacity for signalized road networks by taking into account the equity issue. In the upper level, the reserve capacity is maximized with an equity constraint, whereas deterministic user equilibrium problem is dealt in the lower level. In order to solve the proposed model, a heuristic solution algorithm based on harmony search combined with a penalty function approach is developed. The application of the proposed model is illustrated for an example road network taken from a literature.
Part of the book: Highway Engineering