High demand and current applications have led to continuous study and subsequent improvement of TiO2 nanoparticles. The versatility of the sol-gel method allows employing different process parameters to influence the resultant properties of TiO2 nanoparticles. The evaluation and characterisation process of the synthesised TiO2 nanoparticles commonly involves a series of methods and techniques. Such characterisation methods include phase, structural, morphology and size analysis. A combination of data from these evaluations provides the relationship between the synthesis parameters and the end properties of TiO2 nanoparticles. Apart from the research findings on TiO2 nanoparticles, the characterisation used to obtain these findings is equally important. Thus, this chapter highlights the recent characterisation techniques and practices employed for TiO2 nanoparticles synthesised by the sol-gel method.
Part of the book: Recent Applications in Sol-Gel Synthesis