Quantum dots (QDs) are luminescent semiconductor nanocrystals that have extraordinary luminescence emission properties. Their semiconductor properties are different from bulk material because of the quantum confinement effects. These properties allow the use of QDs as a luminescent probe for pharmaceutical and biomedical analysis. Herein, we want to mention the synthesis, surface modification, characterization, and application of QDs. The aim of this chapter is to compile and discuss the advantages and disadvantages of QDs and their usage areas.
Part of the book: Spectroscopic Analyses