This chapter aims a comprehensive presentation of the most common electrochemical sensors used in the real monitoring applications of air purity testing. Oxygen, hydrogen, hydrogen sulfide, nitrogen oxides, carbon monoxide and carbon dioxide are gases, which can be accurately detected and measured. Too high or too low oxygen concentration levels make the air improper for breathing. Hydrogen sulfide and carbon monoxide are dangerous species; any leakage needs to be pinpointed. A calibrated network of sensors for monitoring gas detection makes it possible to easily locate the source of gas escape during indoor air monitoring. The air quality monitoring stations based on electrochemical sensors are nowadays used to determine the global pollution index of the atmospheric air, in order to prevent the risks toward the human health and damage of environment, especially in the highly populated and industrialized urban areas.
Part of the book: Electrochemical Sensors Technology
This study presents an overview on the indoor air pollutants and their implications in the living space design-related strategy implementation. Not only the buildings but also the cabins of diverse traveling vehicles (busses, trains, cars, spacecrafts, submarines, etc.) are envisaged in this regard. Overall, in the smart eco-efficient built environment, such indoor spaces should ensure an adequate indoor air quality (IAQ), along with accomplishing the performance for other key components such as durability, energy saving, aesthetical architecture, etc. General aspects on indoor air quality and indoor air pollution, IAQ monitoring, and remediation strategies, as well as the main types of indoor pollutants and their effects upon human health, are highlighted.
Part of the book: Indoor Environment and Health